How Do I Prepare for Tax Season?

Q: Tax season is coming! I’d like to start preparing sooner than later, but all the forms, numbers and rules are so overwhelming, I don’t even know where to begin! How do I prepare for tax season?

A: It’s commendable that you’ve started getting ready for tax season long before the filing deadline. Preparing well for your taxes can help you maximize your deductions and ensure a smooth filing process. With that said, it can definitely get overwhelming and confusing. No worries, though; we can help! Here’s what you need to do to prepare for tax season.

Gather your documents

The first step in preparing for tax season is to gather all the necessary documents. Depending on your personal circumstances, these can include:

  • W-2 forms. These will be provided by your employer detailing your earnings and taxes withheld.
  • 1099 forms. You’ll receive these income-declaration forms if you’re a freelancer or an independent contractor.
  • Receipts and invoices. These include any expenses you can deduct or claim, including medical bills, education costs, charitable donations and eligible child care costs. 
  • Mortgage and loan documents. 
  • Investment statements.
  • Previous years’ tax returns. 
  • Business income and expenses.
  • Rental income and expenses.
  • Other miscellaneous income, which may include SSA payments, scholarships, gambling winnings, jury duty payment and more. 
Organize your finances

After gathering your documents, organize your finances to make the tax preparation process more manageable. You can store all your documents and receipts in a folder, binder or digital file to make it easy to access them whenever necessary. This will save you time and help ensure you don’t miss any deductible expenses.

Prepare your personal information

In addition to your income information, you’ll need the Social Security number and date of birth of each dependent you claim. It’s a good idea to have this information prepared before you start filing your return. You can also prepare any other details your tax preparer will need, such as the addresses of any rental property you own, the dates of any property you sold last year and more. Be sure to keep this information in a secure location until you file!

Review tax law changes

The tax code changes each year, and some of this year’s modifications may impact your tax situation. Be sure to review the most recent updates so you can take advantage of any new deductions or credits. This can be especially important if you’ve experienced significant life changes during the year, like marriage, birth of a child or a change in employment status. You can find a list of this year’s changes here(link is external)

Determine your filing status

Your filing status determines the tax rates and the standard deduction you’re eligible to receive. Choose the status that best fits your situation. The most common filing statuses are:

  • Single
  • Married filing jointly
  • Married filing separately
  • Head of household
  • Qualifying widow(er)

Selecting the right filing status is crucial for accurately calculating your tax liability.

Learn the deadlines

It’s essential to be aware of the tax filing deadlines. For most individuals, the deadline to file federal income taxes is April 15th. If the 15th falls on a weekend or holiday, the deadline is typically extended to the next business day. If you need more time to file, consider requesting an extension, but be aware that this extension only gives you more time to file, not more time to pay any taxes owed.

Choose your filing method

You’re ready to decide how you’d like to file your taxes. You can file a paper tax return and mail it to the IRS, use tax prep software like TurboTax or H&R Block, hire a professional tax preparer, or e-file your return on your own. The IRS also offers a Free File program that provides free tax software for eligible taxpayers with an adjusted gross income of $73,000 or less. 

Plan for next year

Finally, use the tax season as an opportunity to plan for the future. Consider adjusting your tax withholding to avoid owing big sums at tax time or receiving large refunds. Also, maximize your retirement savings to take advantage of tax-advantaged accounts like 401(k)s and IRAs.

You’re ready to file your taxes!


Learn More
8 Steps To Take Before You Prepare Your Taxes - Investopedia
How to Prepare for Tax Season 2023 - Western & Southern Financial Group
Tax Preparation Checklist - Intuit TurboTax
8 Tips To Get Ready To File Your 2022 Tax Return - Forbes