Person holding cash in hand

Q: These days, I feel like I need to take out a second mortgage just to fill up on gas and restock the pantry. Are these inflated prices here to stay?

A: According to the most recent report by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. inflation is currently running at a 13-year high of 5.4% — and it’s showing no signs of slowing down. Here’s what you need to know about the current state of the U.S. economy and what you can likely expect in the coming months.

Inflation is not going anywhere soon

The rising prices currently happening in just about every sector is hardly surprising news at this point. The inflation rate fell at the start of the coronavirus pandemic as the nationwide lockdown had people hunkering down in their homes. In March 2021, though, when the impact of halted manufacturing began hitting the market and crude oil prices started climbing, the inflation rate increased to 2.6%, hitting its current high of 5.4% in June and July. While the rate started falling in August, as was expected, to 5.3%, it then climbed right back up to 5.4% in September. Experts like the Trading Economics(link is external) information technology company now expect that number to continue rising, likely hitting 5.5% in the coming months. 
Unfortunately for the average consumer who’s struggling to cover expenses amid rising costs, this means inflation isn’t going anywhere soon. 

Why are prices so high?

There are several factors contributing to the inflation bubble, most of which can be directly linked to the coronavirus pandemic.
First, factory shutdowns at the start of the pandemic have suppliers still trying to catch up on production shortages that resulted. Supply chain disruptions affect more than just consumers. Lots of manufacturers, like automakers, depend on other suppliers for the materials they need to continue production, further limiting supply. As always, a dearth in supply brings prices up.
Second, climate change is responsible for driving up prices, particularly in the food industry. Wildfires that devastated close to 2.5 million acres in California, a record-breaking drought in Brazil that came on the heels of a severe frost and dry weather in the Dakotas have all contributed to rising prices for commodities like sugar, soy, coffee and more. This, in turn, forces restaurants and fast-food chains to increase their prices as well. 
Another factor contributing to rising prices in nearly every sector of the economy is the demand for higher wages across the nation. With 10.4 million job openings in the U.S.(link is external), competent workers know they are highly valuable to their employers. The rising cost of living also means employees need a higher salary just to survive. Of course, businesses need to pass on this rising cost to their customers and clients. 
Finally, as always, the price of fuel impacts every part of the economy. With gas prices trending upward along with crude oil prices, the cost of everyday goods, luxury items and shipping will likely continue to rise. 

What can consumers expect in 2022?

For better or for worse, shoppers are learning how to deal with the higher prices at the pump and from store shelves. Some are trimming their budgets in any way possible while others are looking for additional streams of income to help them get by. But there are many who are finding it challenging to survive in today’s economy while hoping for better news next year. 
No one can accurately predict the future, but economists are expecting inflation levels to taper off by the middle of 2022. According to a survey conducted by the Wall Street Journal(link is external), many are even expecting inflation to drop to 3.4% by June 2022, and then continue falling until it hits 1.8% by the year’s end. 

It isn’t easy to stick to your budget and savings goals with rising prices at every turn. Hopefully, though, the coming year will bring better news for the economy.


The Washington Post - Uncomfortable inflation is here, and it’s changing the economy
The New York Times - Inflation Warning Signs Flash Red, Posing Challenge for Washington
Barrons - ‘Sticky’ Consumer Price Index Hits a 13-Year High. What That Means for Inflation.
The Wall Street Journal - U.S. Inflation Is Highest in 13 Years as Prices Surge 5%
Forbes - Why Is Inflation Rising Right Now?
CNN Business - Get used to surging food prices: Extreme weather is here to stay
The Wall Street Journal - Supply-Chain Bottlenecks, Elevated Inflation to Last Well Into Next Year, Survey Finds
US Inflation Calendar